When speaking and writing in English, there are different names for the different types of words used. Here are some tips to help you understand English Grammar and the word types.



A noun is a naming word. It can name a place, person, idea or object.

Examples; London, table, Rita, pen, computer.

(Proper nouns are nouns that are a name of a person or place. These nouns needs capital letters; Kolkata)

Laura went to London and she took a suitcase with her.https://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/grammar/nouns



A pronoun is sometimes used in the place of a noun, to avoid repetition.

Examples; he, she, they, I, you, us, it.

Rita went to the theatre with John. She liked it very much.

(She replaces Rita, and it replaces the theatre.)


A verb is a doing word. It tells the reader what the noun is doing.

Examples; eat, speak, sleep, jumping, listen, live.

The teacher was speaking and I was repeating.

 (Speaking an repeating are the actions)



An adjective is a describing word that describes a noun or pronoun.

Examples; blue, little, fast, hot, bright, clean.

The beautiful princess slept in a big, comfy bed.

(Beautiful describes princess. Big and comfy describe bed.)



An adverb describes a verb, an adjective or another adverb. It tells you how, where or when something happened.

Examples; Quickly, silently, very, too, softly, well.

The really fast car screeched its brakes very loudly.

(Really describes how fast the car is going. Very loudly describes how loud the brakes screeched.)


A preposition tells the reader where the noun is.

Examples; behind, under, next to, in front of, over, around.

The chair is behind the table and next to the wall.

(Behind shows where the chair is, and next to describes in what position.)


Here is a few sentences that uses each of these types of words.

Sarah was a very lovely lady, she always helped her friends. When her horrible neighbour shouted loudly at the children that were playing, she went and bought him some earplugs.


We hope this has helped you with your English grammar and writing.

Now why don’t you try and write some sentences using these word types at home!


Academia English,




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Click here for a verb and noun activity sheet.

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